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chemical reaction of cyanide during extraction of gold

  • Cyanide Leaching Of Gold Mine Engineer.Com

    Gold Cyanide Solution (Leaching Gold With Cyanide) Since the 1890's, cyanide has been used to recover gold from gold bearing ores. And today, over 115 years later, most of the worlds gold is recovered with cyanide playing a large part in the beneficiation of the yellow precious metal. Chemically, it is a rather simple reaction:

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  • Gold extraction

    The gold could not be extracted from this compound with any of the then available chemical processes or technologies. In 1887, John Stewart MacArthur, working in collaboration with brothers Dr Robert and Dr William Forrest for the Tennant Company in Glasgow, Scotland, developed the MacArthurForrest Process for the extraction of gold ores. By

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  • Cyanide Chemistry International Cyanide Management Code

    The process of extracting gold from ore with cyanide is called cyanidation. The reaction, known as Elsner's Equation, is: 4 Au + 8 CN+ O 2 + 2 H 2 O = 4 Au(CN) 2+ 4 OHAlthough the affinity of cyanide for gold is such that it is extracted preferentially, cyanide will also form complexes with other metals from the ore, including copper, iron

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  • Extracting Gold HowStuffWorks

    Leaching dissolves the gold out of the ore using a chemical solvent. The most common solvent is cyanide, which must be combined with oxygen in a process known as carboninpulp. As the cyanide and oxygen react chemically, gold in the pulp dissolves. When workers introduce small carbon grains to the tank, the gold adheres to the carbon.

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    Extraction of gold using cyanide nzqa.govt.nz

    Extraction of gold using cyanide Gold is found in very low concentrations in the ore from which it is The treated gold then has sodium cyanide added to it and the following reaction known as More recently chemical processes that involve recycling have also been used.

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  • Gold cyanidation

    Gold cyanidation (also known as the cyanide process or the MacArthurForrest process) is a hydrometallurgical technique for extracting gold from lowgrade ore by converting the gold to a watersoluble coordination complex.It is the most commonly used leaching process for gold extraction.. Production of reagents for mineral processing to recover gold, copper, zinc and silver represents

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  • Cyanide Leaching Chemistry Gold Cyanidation

    The reactions that take place during the dissolution of gold in cyanide solutions under normal conditions have been fairly definitely established. Most agree that the overall cyanide equation for leaching and cyanidation of gold is as follows: 4 Au + 8 NaCN + O2 + 2 H20 = 4 NaAu(CN)2 + 4 NaOH

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  • Dissolve Gold and Silver with Cyanide

    Since cyanide reacts with the gold and silver, it is consumed during leaching. The cyanide can and will also react with other undesirable metals and is essentially wasted. Therefore, if excess cyanide is not added to the leach circuit, the amount of available or free

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  • The Metallurgy of Cyanide Gold Leaching An Introduction

    A paper published by L. Elsner in 1846 first correctly identified the chemical reaction that forms the basis of all gold cyanide leaching processes: 4 Au + 8 NaCN + O 2 + 2 H 2 O 4 Na[Au(CN) 2] + 4 NaOH. The equation is well known, but the successful application of this reaction in a gold mining operation is rarely straightforward.

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